Runner bean germinating underground. Time-lapse epigeal germination

August 25, 2009

Here is a time-lapse of a runner bean germinating underground. This is an example of Epigeal germination where the cotyledons expand, throw off the seed shell and become photosynthetic above the ground.

Beans like other seeds need temperature and moisture to stimulate germination.

Stage 1:
Radicle expands and pushes against the testa at the micropyle
Testa spilts open and radicle emerges
Lateral roots develop
Root hairs form behind tip of radicle which helps absorb water and mineral salts in the soil

Stage 2
Stem below cotyledons elongates
Pulling cotyledon through soil and above the ground
Sometimes the is testa remains underground or discarded above ground
Cotyledons are closed together to protect the delicate pumule within

Stage 3
Cotyledons open up above ground
Cotyledons turn green
First foliage leaves start to develop
Foliage expands and turns green carrying out photosynthesis
Runner bean seedling is now a self-supporting plant

This and other of my time-lapses can be found on You tube

Time-lapse copyright Neil Bromhall. filmed for my plant identification website.

Time-lapse rose opening accompanied by Bach’s cello suite No 1

August 9, 2009

Time-lapse of a Rose.

Accompanied with Bach’s cello suite No 1 performed by Cal.

To commission time-lapse please contact me, Neil Bromhall

The sequences are filmed on Nikon digital 35mm stills camera in a studio using flash.

I have made an on-line interactive plant finder, identifier and pruning guide web site. which I hope you find interesting.

It has over 3,600 garden plants, 10,000 photographs plus time lapse sequences and each plant has in-depth plant care and illustrated pruning advice.

The plant database is continuing to grow.  If you have good quality photographs of garden plants that are not not already on the database I’d like to hear from you with an interest of adding it to the collection.

Contact me on

Time lapse of blue Echinops flower

August 2, 2009

This time-lapse shows an Echinops flowering over a period of 5 days.

filmed for my website

The flowers don’t open one go but rather come out in succession to preven self pollination and to ensure that dispite of the weather some of the flowers will be cross pollinated by visiting insects.

Flower design is wide and varied. I will be adding more time lapse flowers to show interesting flower and flower shapes.